Invention - avoid bad sources

This page is about research sources. For other kinds of support you can use in your essays, see recognise types of evidence

The short version

Sources that students have used in the past that you should not use

How to find good normal sources

1) Read the Japanese Wikipedia page

2) Read the English Wikipedia page.

3) Google your topic.

4)Focus on certain types of sources

Most common GOOD sources in your essays should be:

How to find good academic sources

English or Japanese - for first year essays (not RR) I dont' expect you to read these in English

Check its quality

High quality sources to look for

Carefully peer-reviewed articles/books are usually found on:

One measure of quality is "impact" - find your topic on this list: (link)

Low quality sources to avoid

The above are only suggestions.

Bias and Quality practice task

Here are five sources (journal, newspaper) from a Wiki article on Fair Trade: (link)

Score them for bias and quality

Bias Quality
Unbiased = 5 High Quality = A
Maybe a bit biased = 3 Medium Quality = B
Totally Biased = 1 Low Quality = C


Griffiths, P. (2010). Lack of rigour in defending Fairtrade: a reply to Alastair Smith. Economic Affairs, 30(2), 45-49. Retrieved from

Smith, A. (2008). Fair Trade, Diversification and Structural Change: Towards a broader theoretical framework of analysis. Oxford Development Studies 37(4), 457–478. Retrieved from

Carimentrand, A., & Ballet, J. (2010). When Fair Trade increases unfairness: The case of quinoa from Bolivia. Retrieved from

Booth, P. (2009, February 20). Don't bully the faithful into buying Fairtrade. The Catholic Herald. Retrieved from (link)

Hamel, I. (2006, August 3). Fairtrade Firm Accused of Foul Play. Swiss Info. Retrieved from (link) 23/12/2009