Do you know how world heritage sites are chosen? (link)
Do you think world heritage sites are a good idea? (link)
World Heritage sites in Japan are often cared for very carefully, but this is not always the case:
In this essay, lets look at some sites that are in danger.
Step 1: Choose a World Heritage site
- List of sites in danger: (link)
- Choose something INTERESTING we DO NOT KNOW that is IN DANGER in ANOTHER COUNTRY (i.e. NOT Kyoto)
- Post it to Line. First come first served.
- Do NOT choose anything that is an example on this site
- Choose something with multiple problems (e.g. too many tourists AND overdevelopemtn AND pollution)
- Choose something with multiple solutions
- (seperate, or three organisations
- prefereably at different levels e.g. International, national, and local NGOs)
Step 2: Research your site
Read 3 articles about your site.
Follow the requirements in your syllabus homework for number and type of reference.
English or Japanese OK
Wikipedia OK, but it DOES NOT COUNT for your 3 articles, and you CANNOT cite it.
Don't forget to take a note of the references!
Decide if it is a good essay if not. If not, choose another site and start again.
Step 3: Read the Template and Examples if they apply
This essay COULD follow the same pattern as endangered animals, so look at:
Step 4: Plan your own essay
- Three problems threatening the site
- Three solutions to those problems
This is very similar to "endangered animals", and can use the same templates, examples, and language
Step 5: Research more.
Stuck? Here are some ideas:
Common description points
I recommend you :
- DEFINITELY Define the site type ("Angkor Wat is a Buddhist temple complex in Cambodia, the largest in the world")
- MAYBE Partition the site into areas ("There are two main areas in Angkor Wat - outer and inner - of which...")
- MAYBE a Compare-contrast ("Angkor Wat is similar to Kinkakuji in that....however...")
- DEFINITELY a historical Time order ("Angkor Wat was built in the 12th century by...becuase.... After that... then... However...")
- A couple of other interesting details, one a number
- A random detail
- A number showing the size of the problem (things lost, area destroyed, tourist numbers, etc)
- Link (for essay)
- erosion by feet
- for local construction
- for souvenirs
- disagreement over ownership
- destructive/intrusive/reckless development (roads, dams, hotels)
- Natural disasters (e.g. earthquake)
- climate change
- erosion (destruction by normal rain and wind)
- invasive species
- air pollution
- acide rain
- something that indirectly makes things worse
- lack of management
- Unemployment/Poverty (e.g. which makes people turn to looting/selling pieces/using it for building materials)
- Political Instability
- conflict (i.e. civil war)
- stopping assistance reaching the area
- allows looting
- direct bombing damage
Think about BOTH prevention, and restoration
- World Bank
- International groups e.g. UNESCO
- Local organisations
- National culture organisations
- governments (National or International)
- Changes to tourism
- Tourism rules
- restricting the number of tourists
- transferring things to museums
- Preventative maintenance/systems
- Creating a management organisation
- Solving related problems
- involving local people and educating them
- stopping conflict
- stopping corruption
- Resonsible/Sustainable Development
- rules for appropriate building styles/materials
- Building necessary infrastructure
- too many tourists = need new sewage system or garbage incineration
- too many tourists driving = pollution = need new train
- too many toursists drinking = need new water supply
Style tips - common mistakes
A common mistake is to say "This essay describes a world heritage."
World heritage is an IDEA, like "history", not a place.
When talking about the IDEA, "world heritage" on its own is OK
- World heritage is important.
- This organisation focuses on world heritage.
HOWEVER, when talking about a specific place, you should say "World heritage + NOUN"
- World heritage site
- world heritage area
- world heritage organisation
Sectional Essay Version (GCP)
Read the five paragraph version first. This is a NINE paragraph version of that
- Description Paragraph
- THREE problem paragraphs in a section with its own thesis statement
- THREE solution paragraphs in a section with its own thesis statement
- Conclusion paragraph in its own section with its own thesis statement
See write a sectional essay
Requirements for Essay
For 5 paragraph version
- minimum 200 words per paragraph,
- minimum five lines per paragraph
- minimum 150 words for the intro and conclusion
- minimum 900 words for the whole essay (200*3+150+150=900 words)
- maximum 1500 words
- minimum two references per body paragraph (total 6 references minimum)
- (at least 50% in English)
For 9 paragraph sectional verrsion (GCP)
See the syllabus.