Style - give translations and explanations

Malc Prentice

INfo below is for Japanese-English translations.

Reverse them if you want to explain a difficult English term in a presentation to a Japanese audience.

1) Some words (sushi, sumo, karaoke) are world famous and don't need to be translated

2) Some words (yakkyu) have an exact equivalent in English (baseball) and should just be translated

3) Some words (takoyaki), do not have an equivalent, and are not well known

Use means/called/or for a direct translation

How to give words that can't be translated

Use a definition pattern

My favourite Japanese food is Takoyaki, which is a kind of smalle, ball shaped, savoury pancake containing octopus.

Use a pause.

Use 'OR' for a short translation or explanation